Category: Blog Series

The SDG Roundtable: SDG 7 – Affordable & Clean Energy

Why change now when we have access to electricity? The fact that “earth needs to be protected”, should be a collective thought held by individuals in modern society. With the steady increase in world population, the demand for energy is constantly rising. The United Nations (UN) has identified the need to make affordable electricity and clean energy accessible to everyone, and has created a Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that aims to realize this vision by 2030. Globally, about a billion people lack access to electricity and around three billion people rely on wood or animal dung for cooking and heating, exposing many women and children to dangerous levels of indoor air pollution. As the population continues to grow, the demand…

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The SDG Roundtable: SDG 6 – Clean Water and Sanitation

Recall the last time you visited the washroom in your home. Once you open the shower water may start sprinkling on to your body. Aside from that, whenever you are thirsty you may run to the water jar in your own kitchen,  and have pure clean water fill your glass. However, the eye-popping fact is that presently in the world more people appear to have a mobile phone than a lavatory. Sustainable Development Goal 6 is about "clean water and sanitation for all". It is one of 17 sustainable development goals established by the United Nations general assembly in 2015. As the UN explains, there is sufficient freshwater on the planet to serve the whole population. Then, it is a…

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The SDG Roundtable: SDG 5 – Gender Equality

Gender Equality is one of the most fundamental human rights in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This mainly focuses on the aspect of “empowerment of women and girls” by ensuring “an end to discrimination against all women and girls” around the world. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) identifies political empowerment, health and survival, education attainment and economic participation and opportunity as the four indexes to understand and assess global gender equality. Thus, it becomes clear that empowerment of women is an essential factor to promote social growth and expand economic growth which consequently paves the way towards a prosperous, sustainable and peaceful world. An International Standing Since 2000, the UNDP, in collaboration with the United Nations (UN) and…

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The SDG Roundtable: SDG 4 – Quality Education

Introduction Existence of a quality educational system is indeed a major part of a nation’s growth and progress. Education not only enables upward socio-economic mobility, but it also acts as a key to escape poverty, which is why the United Nations recognizes the role of education for peace and development. Sustainable Development Goal 4 thus determines to reach the aim of ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education and promoting lifelong learning opportunities for all by the year 2030. This is a massive challenge for nations, especially within the present context of the Covid-19 pandemic, as school closures have unfortunately wiped out years of progress in education. However, it is also an enormous opportunity for nations to advance on many fronts.  …

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The SDG Roundtable: SDG 3 – Good Health & Well Being

Introduction “Ensuring healthy lives and promoting well-being for all at all ages” (“Health”) is one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) introduced by the United Nations in 2015. Reducing maternal mortality, fighting communicable diseases, preventing and treating substance abuse, ensuring universal access to reproductive care, provision of awareness regarding family planning, and achieving universal health coverage are some aims according to their 2030 Agenda. However, in the status quo the COVID-19 pandemic has quite clearly challenged and decelerated the progress of these goals despite the measures implemented by the World Health Organization (WHO) alongside other subsidiaries to overcome the health crisis.   International Standing Major progress had been made to improve health and wellbeing worldwide before the pandemic struck. For…

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The SDG Roundtable: SDG 2 – Zero Hunger

After decades of decline in its numbers, the amount of people subjected to hunger has been growing for the past five years, says the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). On the other hand, millions of people are affected by obesity and other non-communicable diseases associated with unhealthy diets and consumption patterns. This inequality also shows the need to reduce food waste, and improve healthy and sustainable food and agricultural practices. The second SDG aims to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture by the year 2030. The UN has defined 8 Targets and 13 Indicators to track whether these Targets are achieved. The targets for this SDG include: Universal access to safe and nutritious…

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The SDG Roundtable: SDG 1 – No Poverty

Introduction The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are global goals adopted by the United Nations (UN) in 2015 that hope to initiate actions in order to reach major milestones such as ending poverty, protecting the planet, and guaranteeing peace and prosperity among other things by 2030. The first Sustainable Development Goal is that of “No poverty”. It is an ambitious goal that sees governments around the world attempting to combat the existence of poverty, an issue that is present in most parts of the world.  People who live in extreme poverty are considered to be those who live on less than $1.90 a day. According to this, recent studies estimate 10 percent of the world’s population, or 734 million people more…

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Forspoken: Ellora Caves

Marvels of the past have turned into mysteries of the present, which continue to remain unsolved. A number of such mysteries fills the list and the Monolithic caves of Aurangabad in Maharashtra, India is one such an unsolved mystery. Nestled in Maharashtra, the Ellora caves is the largest rock-cut Hindu temple cave complex in the world and is also a UNESCO World Heritage site. The site is said to have been built by Rashtrakuta King Krishna I and the construction dates back to 600 AD to 1000 AD and consists of 34 monasteries and temples, which include 17 Hindu, 12 Buddhist and 5 Jain caves extending over more than 2km. Along with the intricate architecture, there is a number of…

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Forspoken: The Great Wall of China

The wall building played a major role in ancient Chinese culture. The ancient belief that walls provide protection from threats laid the foundation for the creation of the Great Wall of China. According to the Travel China Guide, over twenty states and dynasties contributed to the construction of the Great Wall of China. The construction commenced in the third century BC and lasted up until seventeenth century AD which makes it more than 2,300 years old. The Great Wall spread across to the Northern border of the country as a military defensive project to protect the Chinese state from the nomadic tribes from the North. According to the history, it was during the reign of Emperor Qin Shi Huang that…

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Forspoken: Angkor Wat

Towering over 699 feet above ground and spanning over 400 acres of Northern Cambodian land lies the largest religious monument in the world. Declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992, Angkor Wat is the legacy of the Great Khmer Empire. The Khmer Dynasty, was founded by King Jayavarman the 2nd, who presented himself as the king of all kings, the universal monarch and thus was revered as a descendant of god, by his subjects. It is this reverence instilled in the population that fueled the construction of unimaginably massive monuments such as Angkor Wat, which, as per inscriptions, is said to have been built over 35 years with the labour of 300 000 men and 6000 elephants. Originally a…

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